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This optimizer resolves problems with the radically diminishing learning rates seen in Adagrad.

You can adjust these parameters:

Learning rate

The learning rate is controlling the size of the update steps along the gradient. This parameter sets how much of the gradient you update with, where 1 = 100% but normally you set much smaller learning rate, e.g., 0.001.

In our rolling ball analogy, we’re calculating where the ball should roll next in discrete steps (not continuous). How long these discrete steps are is the learning rate.

Choosing a good learning rate is important when training a neural network. If the ball rolls carefully with a small learning rate we can expect to make consistent but very small progress (this corresponds to having a small learning rate). The risk though is that the ball gets stuck in a local minima not reaching the global minima.

Learning rate
Figure 1. Learning rate

We could also choose to take long confident discrete steps in an attempt to descend faster and avoid local minima, but this may not pay off. At some point, calculating too seldom gives a higher loss as we “overstep”, we overshoot the minima.

Learning rate decay

The value here defines the process of gradually decreasing the learning rate during training, in order to help speed up its steps along the gradient.


This setting is for optimizer RMSprop and Adadelta. For further understanding, see Momentum.