Three exciting, yet busy, days for our team at CogX have come to an end. CogX is UK’s answer to the questions, "How will AI affect the future?" and "How can I get involved?" Over 15,000 leaders across academia, industry and government attended this year’s AI Festival to discuss the latest challenges and solutions in data science, machine learning (ML) and analytics.
Our team was there to discuss the potential of operationalizing AI across various sectors. We had a fantastic number of great conversations at our booth during these past few days and our AI handbook, The Essential AI Handbook for Leaders, flew off the shelves (1,000 copies in 2,5 days!). A big thanks to the CognitionX team of honoring us with the award for Best AI Product in Next Generation Infrastructure.
And here are our AI team's highlights from this year’s lineup of speakers:
1. The Future of Math Education
Conrad Wolfram and his brother Stephen are associated with the popular mathematics applications Wolfram Alpha and Mathematica. At the festival, Conrad proposed teaching a more practical curriculum of machine learning in primary school, rather than requiring students to solve lengthy equations, which most students will never use.
"There are a few cases where it is important to do calculations by hand, but these are small fractions of cases. The rest of the time you should assume that students should use a computer just like everyone does in the real world." – Conrad Wolfram
He also argued for organizing the curriculum by conceptual complexity, rather than computational complexity. Since AI and machine learning shift much of the computational burden to machines, he suggests that we should help develop the skills needed to build on top of those already powerful tools. Competing with machines won't get us anywhere, he argues.
2. When Machine Learning Met Genetic Engineering
Stephen Hsu of Michigan State University gave an interesting keynote for this session. Hsu is a leader in the use of AI in computational genomics. His group has been able to make accurate predictions of complex traits by using AI to analyze huge numbers of individual genome polymorphisms. It includes human height to an accuracy of about 1 inch, various disease risks and, interestingly, cognitive abilities as measured by IQ tests.
The session continued with a panel discussion featuring Martin Varsavsky, Executive Chairman of Prelude Fertility and Helen O’Neill, Lecturer in Reproductive and Molecular Genetics at UCL. The discussion centered around the implications of similar results on selective IVF treatment, and there was the consensus that in a few years’ time it will be possible for future parents to choose embryos for IVF based on desired traits. Stephen Hsu also presented results suggesting that the willingness to make these kinds of selections varies significantly between different parts of the world, hence it would be very hard to develop regulation that can be globally agreed upon, which is why the technology will not soon be widespread and available.
3. What Can Machine Learning Do? Implications for the Work and the Economy
Erik Brynjolfsson, Director of the MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy, presented a framework used to assess the suitability of machine learning for different work tasks that are currently performed by humans. His team used the framework to assess 18,000 different tasks for 950 occupations on O*Net, an occupation taxonomy. For example, the 29 different tasks performed today by a radiologist. The assessment of each task is based on a 21-question rubric, which includes questions such as “Task information is recorded or recordable by computer?”; “It is okay to make mistakes when completing this task?”; “Task is repeated frequently?”; and “The task is about choosing between multiple predetermined options?”
The results found that many high-wage jobs are newly affected by machine learning, though low-wage jobs remain more exposed. Also, no occupation can be fully automated by ML, though nearly all have some exposure, he explained.
Hope to see you next year at CogX 2020! Until then, are you ready to get your hands dirty with deep learning? Sign up for our Community Edition here.